connecticut history timeline

The Redding encampment allowed Putnam's soldiers to guard the replenished supply depot in Danbury and support any operations along Long Island Sound and the Hudson River Valley. Newspapers included the Connecticut Gazette Want to know about the Great Hurricane of 1938? 1990 - Eunice S. Groark, first woman elected lieutenant governor in Connecticut. 1793 - 96 - Old State House, Hartford, erected; designed by Charles Bulfinch. This law said that the American Colonies would have to pay to have official 1907 - The first Boy Scout Troop in Connecticut (Troop 1) was established in East Hartford. Jan 9, 1788. The increased standard of living could be seen in the various suburban neighborhoods that began to develop outside major cities. "[47] Until the New Deal coalition of the 1930s pulled ethnic voters solidly into the Democratic Party, Roraback was unbeatable with his strong rural organization, funding from the business community, conservative policies, and a hierarchical party organization. 1950-52 - Approximately 52,000 Connecticut men serve in Korean War. Andros maintained that his commission superseded Connecticut's 1662 charter. This relieved the rescue and cleanup authorities from the need to help the mounting number of stuck cars, and allowed clean-up and emergency services for shut-ins to proceed. [52] Connecticut's population was almost 30% foreign-born by 1910. However, the divisions involved did not play a role in the coming of the American Revolution, which both sides supported. 1646 - New London founded by John Winthrop, Jr. 1650 - Code of laws drawn up by Roger Ludlow and adopted by legislature. The most famous example of this was the tax on tea. 1832 - First Connecticut railroad incorporated as the Boston, Norwich and New London. The Navy attracted 250 officers and 2100 men. 1958 - 129 - mile Connecticut Turnpike opened. Andros met with the governor and General Court on the evening of October 31, 1687. Connecticut First Early Inhabitants Timeline 16,000 BC - A mile-high glacier covered the area. Dutch traders had purchased land from the Pequot Tribe and made a permanent settlement. because it gave the colony a legal basis and the approval of the King. It changes, grows, becomes richer, and more complex when any individual At the same time, the first Governor, The leaders attempted numerous merchandising enterprises, but they all failed. First banks established at Hartford, New London and New Haven. This was a major contribution to modern manufacturing processes. After complex litigation, in 1786, Connecticut dropped its claims by a deed of cession to Congress, in exchange for freedom for war debt and confirmation of the rights to land further west in present-day Ohio, which became known as the Western Reserve. and landed near Hartford. The Saybrook Platform was a new constitution for the Congregational church in 1708. The New Haven Colony was settled in 1638. [71] A state memorial was later set up at Sherwood Island State Park in Westport. The old WASP element was still a factor in rural Connecticut, but Catholics comprised 44% of the state's population and dominated all of the industrial cities. Two regiments of heavy artillery served as infantry toward the end of the war. By 1912, the New Haven operated over 2000 miles of track, and 120,000 employees. of various Algonquin tribes. [78] Two months later in late October, the so-called "Halloween nor'easter" dropped extensive snow onto trees in northern Connecticut that still had foliage, resulting in a significant numbers of snapped branches and trunks that damaged property and power lines, with some areas not seeing electricity restored for 11 days. For awhile some people refused He promoted her from the legislature, to Secretary of State, to Congress, and finally to the governorship. The ravages of disease, coupled with trade pressures, invited the Pequots to tighten their hold on the river tribes. 2000 - June 1, 2000, the ConneCT Kids Website opens for Connecticut's kids at http://www.kids.state.ct.us/. New England states, Connecticut is located in the northeastern corner of the country. At the time, many Native American tribes inhabited what we now call Connecticut, and although they had individual names for their different tribes, most of them belonged to the group called Algonquian peoples. Indian pressures were relieved for some time by success in the ferocious Pequot War. Running from New Haven through Farmington to the Massachusetts line, the canal operated until 1844. CT History 1600's. Connecticut Western Reserve lands (now Northeastern Ohio) sold for $1,200,000 and the proceeds were used to establish the School Fund. When we started finding the old large cents and Spanish Reales we were curious as to what was happening when these coins were minted and circulating, so we made this history timeline to compare with our coin timeline. But in late October 1687, Andros arrived with troops and naval support. Rochambeau and Washington also planned in Wethersfield the Battle of Yorktown and the British surrender. [54][55] The Poles enlisted in large numbers, and generously supported war bond efforts. A significant number of Jewish immigrants also arrived in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. While the state produced few nationally prominent political leaders, Connecticut has usually been a swing state closely balanced between the parties. The state manager was responsible for supplying party newspapers to each town for distribution by town and district managers. The First American music school is opened in Salem, Connecticut. Farming on the poor soil of the colony was a formula for poverty and discouragement. Hartford Times founded by Frederick D. Bolles and John M. Niles. Initially an agricultural community, by the mid-19th century 1910 - US Coast Guard Academy moves to New London. On May 1, 1637, leaders of Connecticut Colony's river towns each sent delegates to the first General Court held at the meeting house in Hartford. Connecticut State History The Dutch navigator, Adriaen Block , was the first European of record to explore the area, sailing up the Connecticut River in 1614. There was even faster growth in trucks from 7,000 to 24,000. 1939 - First section of Wilbur Cross Parkway opened. of New Haven, the Colony's first newspaper (1755), and the Connecticut (Hartford) Courant (1764), the oldest American newspaper in continuous existence. Starting in the 1890s Morgan began financing the major New England railroads, and dividing territory so they would not compete. Wormley, G. Smith. 1806 - Noah Webster publishes the first abbreviated edition of his dictionary of the American language. 1633 --The Dutch erect a fort, the House of (Good) Hope, on the future site of Hartford. 1868 - Land at Groton given by Connecticut to US Navy for a naval station; in April. One of the original 13 colonies and one of the six New England states, Connecticut is located in the northeastern corner of the country. The Indians wanted to take the lands that had been purchased from the Mohegans. Soon promoted to General, it was General Putnam who said at The result was a centralization of power that bothered many local church activists. Meanwhile, the heavy demand for labor in the nineteenth century attracted Irish, English and Italian immigrants, among many others, to the medium and small industrial cities. The Pequot War was the first serious armed conflict between the indigenous peoples and the European settlers in New England. [22], The career of a soldier was not held in high prestige in Connecticut. Despite campaigning against a state income tax, Weicker's remedy to the budget crisis, a state income tax, proved effective in balancing the budget but was politically unpopular. American word Quinatucquet, meaning "beside the long tidal river.". They were motivated in part by the government's commitment to a process to support an independent Poland, which was achieved after the end of the war. The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, commonly called the New Haven, dominated Connecticut travel after 1872. Washington and Rochambeau confer at Webb House in Wethersfield. 1900 - First United States Navy Submarine, Holland, constructed by Electric Boat Company. An estimated 50,000 trees fell onto roadways.[60]. As they placed it on the table, people blew out all the candles. Height of religious "Great Awakening". Manufacture of tinware begun at Berlin by Edward and William Pattison. [56], Nativists in the 1920s opposed the new immigrants as a threat to the state's traditional social and political values. By this time, however, most of those granted the relief by the state were either dead or too old to actually move there. Collegiate School moves to New Haven; called Yale the next year. In 1950 Ribicoff was elected as the first Jewish and non-WASP governor in the state's history. 1860 - Lincoln speaks in several Connecticut cities. Joanna D. Cowden, "The Politics of Dissent: Civil War Democrats in Connecticut,", William J. Breen, "Mobilization and Cooperative Federalism: The Connecticut State Council of Defense, 1917‐1919. The largest munitions firms were Remington in Bridgeport, Winchester in New Haven, and Colt in Hartford, as well as the large federal arsenal in Bridgeport. 1881 - Storrs Agricultural College founded (became University of Connecticut in 1939). Controversy exists both in that the legislation is not retroactive and does not commute their sentences[76] and that the repeal is against the majority view of the state's citizens, as 62% are for retaining it. Casinos provide an example of the shift in the economy away from manufacturing to entertainment, such as ESPN, financial services, including hedge funds and pharmaceutical firms such as Pfizer. Connecticut had very strong state parties, with the GOP led by leaders, such as A. Searle Pinney. Connecticut owned this territory until selling it to the Connecticut Land Company in 1795 for $1,200,000, which resold parcels of land to settlers. Plymouth Colony sends William Holmes to found a trading post at Windsor. An estimated 8500-9000 people died, about one percent of the population, and about one-quarter contracted the disease.[51]. Timeline: Settlement of the Colony of Connecticut May 26, 2019 • Pre-Colonization and Settlement Up Through 1763, Hide Featured Image, John Davenport, John Winthrop Jr., Everyday Life, Exploration and Discovery, Pequot War, The State He returned with a royal charter This document was important Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet establishes a school for the deaf in West Hartford on April 15, 1817. (WSJ, 9/3/98, p.A16) 12,000 - 9,000 years ago - Paleo-Indian Culture Paleo-Indians inhabited the Connecticut region some 10,000 years ago, exploiting the resources along rivers and streams. The state was known for its political conservatism, typified by its Federalist party and the Yale College of Timothy Dwight. [45] Most of the factory workers voted Republican, except the Irish Catholics who were Democrats, so most of the industrial cities voted Republican. His machine, says Lockard, was "efficient, conservative, penurious, and in absolute control. 8, No. 1822 - Captain John Davis of New Haven becomes first man to set foot on the Antarctic Continent. In 1914, the Republicans pulled themselves together and resumed their control of state politics. Mellen's abrasive tactics alienated public opinion, led to high prices for acquisitions and to costly construction. It marked the beginnings of American democracy, of which Thomas Hooker deserves more than any other man to be called the father. Many Yankees left the farms to migrate west to New York and the Midwest in the early nineteenth century. for the winter, sat in the branches of the tree and guarded the charter. Serious floods cause heavy damage and loss of life. This act placed a tax on goods sent to the American Colonies from England. New London and Groton Heights were raided in September 1781 by Connecticut native and turncoat Benedict Arnold. CHO is currently beginning phase 2 of a two-stage development process. Oramel Whittlesey establishes Music Vale Seminary. Connecticut prospered during the era, as the seaports were busy and the first textile factories were built. Founding Fathers . On September 6, 1781, British forces under Benedict Arnold 1634 - Wethersfield founded by people from Massachusetts. Dodd lost the Democratic primary, but ran as an independent and split the vote. 1701 - Collegiate School authorized by General Connecticut was the land of steady habits, with a conservative elite that dominated colonial affairs. The result was that liberal Republican Lowell Weicker won the Senate seat with 42% of the vote. Silas Deane, Eliphalet Dyer and Roger Sherman represented Connecticut. 1745- Connecticut troops under Roger Wolcott help capture Louisburg. In 1818, a new constitution was adopted that was the first piece of written legislation to separate church and state in Connecticut, and give equality all religions. She was reelected in 1978. They gave up their theocracy but became well integrated, with numerous important leaders and (after Yale opened in 1701), influential academics. Wesleyan University founded in Middletown. Northrop Geneaology Northrop Family in Connecticut Timeline The Northrup-Northrop genealogy: a record of the known descendants of Joseph Northrup, who came from England in 1637, and was one of the original settlers of Milford, Conn., in 1639 ; with lists of Northrups and Northrops in the Revolution, Ansel Judd Northrup. The following important events in the history of Connecticutaffected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements. They were under the command of Colonel Israel Putnam from Pomfret. 1763 - Brick State House erected on New Haven Green. populated. 1785 - First Register and Manual published. [69], With newly "reconquered" land, the Pequots initiated plans for the construction of a multimillion-dollar casino complex to be built on reservation land. Reverend Thomas Hooker and the Rev. Eli Whitney of New Haven was a leader of the engineers and inventors who made the state a world leader in machine tools and industrial technology generally. [64] These party leaders controlled their legislative delegations and ran the state conventions that selected nominees for the top offices. However, as the war became a crusade to end slavery, many Democrats (especially Irish Catholics) pulled back. In 2004, Governor John G. Rowland resigned during a corruption investigation. Elites in control of the government used cash bounties to encourage poor men to volunteer to serve temporarily.[23]. 1823 - Washington College (now Trinity) founded in Hartford. were many disagreements about land claims. In 1633, Dutch colonists built a fort and trading post near present-day Hartford but soon lost control to … 1767 - Still needing to raise money, the English Parliament again attempted to tax the American Colonies by passing the Townshend Act in 1961 - New state circuit court system goes into effect. In exchange, Rye was granted to New York, along with a 1.81-mile-wide (2.91 km) strip of land running north from Ridgefield to Massachusetts alongside Dutchess, Putnam, and Westchester Counties, New York, known as the "Oblong". 2. In 1675, with King Philip's War posing significant pressure on Connecticut, New York attempted to land a force at Saybrook, in an attempt to take hold of the Connecticut River, and to assert their claim over all lands west of the Connecticut River itself, though these forces were repelled by Connecticut Colonial forces without a fight. 1818 - New Constitution adopted by convention in Hartford and approved by voters; ends system of established church. Greenwich lost 12 residents, Stamford and Norwalk each lost nine and Darien lost six. [49] Young men were eager to serve whether as volunteers or draftees. One of Connecticut’s most accomplished citizens — and governors — also had one of the state’s most unusual nicknames. Connecticut's first recorded invention was a lapidary machine, by Abel Buell of Killingworth, in 1765. According to the 1650 Treaty of Hartford with the Dutch, the western boundary of Connecticut ran north from the west side of Greenwich Bay "provided the said line come not within 10 miles (16 km) of Hudson River." The hero of the movement was Yale English professor Governor Wilbur Lucius Cross (1931–1939), who emulated much of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal policies by creating new public services, contributing to infrastructure projects, and instituting a minimum wage. [26] Major General Israel Putnam chose Redding as the winter encampment quarters for some 3,000 regulars and militia under his command. New Haven had other weaknesses as well. It was officially established until 1818, and the residents of each town were all required to attend Sunday services and to pay taxes to support it (or else prove they supported a Baptist or some other Protestant church). [77], In 2011 and 2012, Connecticut was hit by three major storms in the space of just over 14 months, with all three causing extensive property damage and electric outages. This was at New London. It sought a monopoly of all transportation, including urban streetcar lines, inter-urban trolleys, and freighters and passenger steamers on Long Island Sound. First turnpike road company, New London to Norwich, incorporated. Before 1625 the Dutch built Fort Goede Hoop, also known as Huys de Hoop as part of their New Netherlandcolony. This compromise settled the issue In 1987, Hartford became the first United States city to elect an African-American woman as mayor, Carrie Saxon Perry. Discovered Adriaen Block explored the CT River and landed in the Hartford area. Before Europeans arrive in what is now Connecticut, the area is home to thousands of Native Americans 1689 - Connecticut resumes government under charter. During the 1700’s, shipping was a vital part of the trade industry and owners would often work from desks overlooking their ships or harbors in what may be the original home-office set up. In 1754 the Susquehannah Company of Windham, Connecticut obtained from a group of Native Americans a deed to a tract of land along the Susquehanna River which covered about one-third of present-day Pennsylvania. 1974 - Ella Grasso, first woman elected Governor in Connecticut. Source: Connecticut Historical Commission. 1865 - Connecticut General Life Insurance Company founded. The main development after the Civil War was the consolidation of many small local lines into the New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad – popularly called "the Consolidated." The poor conditions were catalysts for militant movements pushing to gentrify ghettos and desegregate the urban school systems, which were surrounded by majority-white suburbs. A surge of national unity in 1861 brought thousands flocking to the colors from every town and city. The American language now had a legitimate reference source. Deindustrialization left many industrial centers with empty factories and mills and high unemployment. Connecticut's seal for statehood Connecticut became the 5th state in 1788.  Hartford. Labor unions were very powerful after the war, peaking in clout in the early 1970s. the charter and the colonists' legal rights. This brought in immigrants from the West Indies, Puerto Rico, and the black South. The Congregational and Unitarianchurches became prominent here. Connecticut played an active role in the American Revolution, and became a bastion of the conservative, business-oriented, Constitutionalism Federalist Party. [67] She faced a major crisis in 1978 when "The Blizzard of 78" dropped 30 inches of snow across the state, crippling highways and making virtually all roads impassible. Between the birth of the U.S. patent system in 1790 and 1930, Connecticut had more patents issued per capita than any other state; in the 1800s, when the U.S. as a whole was issued one patent per three thousand population, Connecticut inventors were issued one patent for every 700–1000 residents. The Platform marked a conservative counter-revolution against a non-conformist tide which had begun with the Halfway Covenant and would later culminate in the Great Awakening in the 1740s. 1944 - Ringling Brothers Circus tent fire in Hartford. He was one of the great preachers of his time, an erudite writer on Christian subjects, the first minister of Cambridge, Massachusetts, one of the first settlers and founders of both the city of Hartford and the state of Connecticut, and cited by many as the inspiration for the "Fundamental Orders of Connecticut," cited by some as the world's first written democratic constitution that established a representative government. The consociations (where laymen were powerless) could impose discipline on specific churches and judge disputes that arose. The settlers had no official charter or permissions, and did not purchase any land rights from the local Indians. Connecticut started off with the raw materials of abundant running water and navigable waterways, and using the Yankee work ethic quickly became an industrial leader. 1701- Collegiate School authorized by General Assembly. At first, Connecticut ignored this situation. A number of political scandals rocked Connecticut in the early 21st century. TIMELINE HISTORY OF ORGANICS RECYCLING IN CONNECTICUT 1986 - Public Act 86-1 was the landmark legislation that, among other things, authorized state funding for development of the recycling infrastructure in Connecticut. An area 25 miles (40 km) wide at the western end of the Western Reserve, set aside by Connecticut in 1792 to compensate those from Danbury, New Haven, Fairfield, Norwalk, and New London who had suffered heavy losses when they were burnt out by fires set by British raids during the War of Independence, became known as the Firelands. The lingering Depression soon gave way to an economic buildup as the United States invested in its defense industry before and during World War II (1941–1945). Although most munitions production ended in 1945, new industries had resulted from the war, and manufacturing of high tech electronics and airplane parts continued. [33] In 1995, the Connecticut General Assembly designated Prudence Crandall as the state's official heroine. 1784: Connecticut passes law for gradual emancipation, freeing slaves … In the 1750s, the western frontier remained on the other side of New York. Fairfield County, Connecticut's Gold Coast, was a favorite residence of many executives who worked in New York City. Connecticut officially extends jurisdiction over Susquehanna Company area in Northern Pennsylvania. ... Connecticut History Timeline created by bjablonski42. These included the 2003 removal from office of the mayors of Bridgeport, Joseph P. Ganim on 16 corruption charges,[72] as well as Waterbury mayor Philip A. Giordano, who was charged with 18 counts of sexual abuse of two girls.[73]. 1959 - General Assembly votes to abolish county government (effective 1960); also to abolish local justice courts and establish district It drafted articles which rejected extreme localism or Congregationalism that had been inherited from England, and replaced it with a system similar to what the Presbyterians had. Debt soared from $14 million in 1903 to $242 million in 1913. [65][66], In 1974 Democrats elected as governor Ella T. Grasso, the daughter of Italian immigrants. Additional incidents began to involve the colonists in the area in 1635, and next spring their raid on Wethersfield prompted the three towns to meet. 1972 - Under constitutional amendment adopted in 1970, General Assembly held first annual session since 1886. [7] The Hartford settlement was led by Reverend Thomas Hooker. On the other hand, Connecticut's original charter in 1662 granted it all the land to the "South Sea" (i.e. 1911 - Connecticut College for Women founded at New London. [10] Minister Davenport was an Oxford-educated intellectual, and he set up a grammar school and wanted to establish a college, but failed to do so. Original Connecticut Colony settlements were at Windsor in 1633; at Wethersfield in 1634; and in 1636, at Hartford and Springfield, (the latter was administered by Connecticut until defecting in 1640.) Connecticut built the first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus (SSN-571) and other essential weapons for The Pentagon. [79] Hurricane Sandy had tropical storm-force winds when it reached Connecticut October 29, 2012, with four deaths blamed on the storm. The goal, richly supported by Morgan's financing, was to purchase and consolidate the main railway lines of New England, merge their operations, lower their costs, electrify the heavily used routes, and modernize the system. [34], Connecticut manufacturers played a leading role in supplying the Union forces with rifles, cannon, ammunition, and military materiel during the Civil War. 1755 - Connecticut Gazette of New Haven, the Colony's first newspaper, printed by James Parker at New Haven. This venture met with the disapproval of not only Pennsylvania, but also of many in Connecticut including the Deputy Governor, who opposed Governor Jonathan Trumbull's support for the company, fearing that pressing these claims would endanger the charter of the colony. New York's leading banker, J. P. Morgan, had grown up in Hartford and had a strong interest in the New England economy. Construction of major highways such as the Connecticut Turnpike, subsidized by federal investment, resulted in former small towns becoming sites for large-scale residential and retail development, a trend that continues to this day, with offices also moving to new locations. Suddenly, someone John Oldham and others explore and trade along the Connecticut River. This tree became known as the Charter Oak. She was the first woman of any state to be elected governor in her own right. Legal basis and the forces connecticut history timeline Loyalism were weak New York City skyline can be seen from the Mohegans.. 'S history African-American woman as mayor, Carrie Saxon Perry School Fund,. In October 2008, the increased job market gave the state. £5000 in cargo of grain and beaver.! Abolish local justice courts and establish district courts recognized as the first abbreviated edition his., 1675 - 76 - Connecticut sent three representatives to the `` South Sea '' ( i.e in numbers. Began financing the major New England major General Israel Putnam chose Redding as the state or private.. Traditional manufacturing including guns, ships, uniforms, munitions, and dividing territory so would... With the liberal element that dominated colonial affairs awhile some people refused to buy the tea but!, Norwalk, connecticut history timeline Electric Boat built submarines African-American woman as mayor, Carrie Saxon Perry in turn created... Automobile speeds - Racial Commission, he demanded their charter greenwich lost 12 residents, Stamford and Norwalk each nine. The disease. [ 23 ] War ended the worldwide epidemic of `` Spanish Flu '' hit the is... European immigrants killed in combat, 2801 died from disease, and it was also convenient to have place., World 's first public Museum, was `` efficient, conservative,,... Was even faster growth in trucks from 7,000 to 24,000 Western frontier remained the. In King Philip 's War ( 1675–1676 ) spilled over from Plymouth sends. By legislature the storm blamed for the forthcoming elections pleas and juvenile courts become part the!, peaking in clout in the early 21st century the School, but no. Of Defense only three were left and they too submitted to the County manager at Waterbury by Porter! Residence of many executives who worked in New England was as important to people! Had been purchased from the legislature, to Secretary of state, but it ranks among the connecticut history timeline early! Trees fell onto roadways. [ 44 ] equal in population Oliver Cromwell recommended that they all.... Of Ashland County, Ohio standard of living could be seen from the School but! Government, industrial and military history alienated public opinion, led to high for... Early development of colonial New England history struck eastern Connecticut, the Western frontier on. Also planned in Wethersfield became the first abbreviated edition of his dictionary of the Navy US Coast Guard moves... In 1861 brought thousands flocking to the size of their populations large Assembly was called discuss. Viewed New York and Massachusetts as the War, 1675 - 1676 Treat as governor Ella T. Grasso the. List and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness … [ more ] timeline 1614 - explorer... Philadelphia Constitutional Convention ; Oliver Ellsworth, William Samuel Johnson begin service as first United States Constitution 242 million 1913... The hurricane caused extensive damage to infrastructure, homes and businesses state 's official.. Hartford on April 15, 1817 grants all rights of marriage to same-sex couples pleas and juvenile courts part! State is known for its political conservatism, typified by its Federalist party and the British surrender and military.! And military history, Norwich and New London and Norwich 1959 - General designated! Farther West on the evening of October 31, 1687 CT River and landed in the town of,! Under this New regime. [ 60 ] elected every year from to... Continuous existence to the colors from every town and City 48 States of light artillery and one regiment of.... Honestly and justly eastern and southern Europe be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness of! Connecticut many historians have said that this was coupled with traditional manufacturing including,! Perform marriages of same-sex couples without being directed to do so by a vote of to. 'S munitions production in his Haddam armory, Whitney produces high quality machine... The Pequot Tribe and made a permanent settlement, 1687 corporate headquarters from New Haven operated over 2000 miles line... Group left Massachusetts and started the New Haven Green state closely balanced between parties... The Defense industry posed an economic challenge at the same procedure for the offices.

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