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It is also regarded as the world’s thirstiest and dirtiest crop. Cotton is an arable crop used mainly for fibre. 4. Cotton (Gossypium spp. It is most affordable natural fiber and is 100% biodegradable. A. It provides the basic raw material (cotton fibre) to cotton textile industry. If cotton intercropped with other crops, one paired row of cotton is alternated with three rows of intercrop and the total population of cotton crop is maintained at the same level as in the case of pure crop. Next to cotton, jute is the second important fibre crop of India. * Changes have occured in which several families have been expanded to include previously distinct families. After ginning, the cotton lint is … Fibre Crop: Type # 2. B. Hemp. It is sown at the onset of the monsoon. Cotton is the oldest textile fibre used for textile purpose.Cotton is a fibre, oil and protein yielding crop of global significance. Cotton Association of India (CAI) has estimated its fibre crop for the 2019-20 season at 354.50 lakh bales of 170 kg each which is higher by 42.50 lakh bales compared to … Currently, cotton is produced only in three EU countries on around 320,000 ha. It is so called because of its shiny brown colour. Bt-cotton is resistant against the pest Helicoverpa (Spotted bollworm), developed by U.S. based seed company ‘Monsanto’ and registered under the name ‘Bollgaurd’. Jute is considered as the golden fiber. b. Jute crop does not have hybrid seeds. Brazil The main cotton producing states are Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Optimizing fibre quality starts with good crop management and selecting the right variety. Cotton. Cotton is an example of a fiber crop. Upland cotton has very short fibers and makes up about 90% of the world’s total cotton production. China’s cotton industry employs 10 million people and in the 24 provinces that produce the plant, 300 million are involved in its production. Cotton provides the basic raw material to cotton textile industry. Fibre crops include a wide variety of plants of fibrous biomass that are grown annually or seasonally at specific weather and climatic conditions of a country. Australia produces some of the best cotton in the world and it is highly valued by cotton spinners in export markets for its colour, strength, fibre length and lack of contamination. Fiber crops are grown for the natural fiber that is used in manufacturing industries. Jute: a. Jute is a parenchymatus fibre. Fibre Crop crops that produce filamentous matter from the bast tissue or other parts of plants, used for industrial purposes. Other parts of the cotton plant are put to good use and are used in the production of foods, plastics and in paper products, according to the National Cotton Council of America. The climate, with its high average temperatures and alternation between dry and wet seasons, favours the cultivation of this natural fibre crop. Trials of non-irrigated cotton at Strathmore Station in Queensland's Gulf Country have paved the way for the first large-scale commercial crop. Cotton is a kharif crop which requires 6 to 8 months to mature. It provides the basic raw material (cotton fibre) to cotton textile industry. Cotton is the most widespread profitable non-food crop in the world. The 2009 classification system of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG III) places the family Agavaceae, Ruscaceae, and others in an expanded Asparagaceae (Simpson 2010). Cotton has been used as a fibre for more than 7000 years! Cotton and jute are the two most important fibre crops of India. China, India, USA, Pakistan and … Cotton. China grows Bt cotton, a genetically modified crop that is used for commercial production. Crop management factors which increase/ optimize yield generally increase/optimize fibre quality. The crop was introduced in 2002 and has proved to have better pest resistance than non-GM cotton. Australia has a reputation of producing premium quality cotton, which supports the profitability of the crop. Cotton is grown both as a dry crop and as an irrigated crop. We mostly focus on cotton as a fibre crop, but did you know it's also an important food crop? Cottonseed, which makes up around half the weight of the picked cotton, is fed to cattle and crushed to make oil. Answer. RAINFED COTTON . Which crop is known as the golden fibre? The most abundantly produced natural fibre in the world, in 2017 it was estimated that 25 million tons of cotton are produced every year . Cotton seed makes up around half the weight of the picked cotton, and is mostly used to m. Read More. ... from pre-planting to processing. The cotton plant loves warmth: it needs about 200 days of sunshine in the season to flourish and bear fruit. Although cotton is a naturally occurring fibre, its production is nevertheless haunted by claims of pollution, exploitation, and slavery – yes, even today. Organic cotton is any type of cotton that is grown without chemicals and from plants that are not genetically engineered. This is bcos humid conditions promote the ripening and bursting of cotton bolls. Cotton was later introduced in the … It is cultivated in tropical and sub-tropical regions of more than 80 countries of the world. Unlike fossil based fibres, cotton is sustainable, renewable, biodegradable, and carbon neutral and can be used without depleting or damaging the environment, thus making it an excellent choice as an environmentally-friendly fibre throughout its entire product life cycle. Cotton is the most important fibre crop not only of India but of the entire world. Fiber crops are crops raised for fiber rather than for food or oil production. These Fibres are used to make things such as cloth, rope, or paper. Follow water harvesting techniques and raise a successful crop of cotton. The cottonseed, which remains after cotton is ginned, is used to produce oil for human consumption and oilseed cake for animal feed. Cotton gins are factories that separate cottonseed and trash from the lint (raw cotton fibre). ADVERTISEMENTS: Its seed (binola) is used in vanaspati industry and can also be used as part of fodder for milch cattle to get better milk. This textile is chemically organic, which means that it does not contain any synthetic compounds. Cotton fabric is derived from the fibers surrounding the seeds of cotton plants, which emerge in a … Cotton is one of the most important fibre and cash crop of India as well as of entire world. Cotton is the most widely used natural fibre in the fashion textile industry. The Economics of Cotton in Australia. The modules are loaded onto trucks and transported from the farm to a cotton gin. Cotton is a kharif crop. Cotton fabric is one of the most commonly used types of fabrics in the world. The crop is harvested from the fields by striping machines, and is stored in … Its production provides income for more than 250 million people worldwide and employs almost 7% of all labor in developing countries. ), a leading natural fiber, is a major cash crop in the world and is grown commercially in more than 50 countries. Cotton in India provides direct The world uses cotton more than any other natural fiber and it is primarily grown and used to make cloth. Here we report that a homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-ZIP) transcription factor, GhHOX3, controls cotton fibre … the three most notable examples include: Cotton Cotton is the most popular and widely used fibre crop. The crop is native to and grown in Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean, and southern Florida. It plays a dominant role in the industrial and agricultural economy of the country. Cotton fibres are unusually long, single-celled epidermal seed trichomes and a model for plant cell growth, but little is known about the regulation of fibre cell elongation. C. Jute. Cotton is a perennial crop in the tropics, and without defoliation or freezing, the … Before synthetic fibers were introduced, natural fibers were the main ingredients in the manufacture of cloth, ropes, and paper. Cotton strippers are used in regions where it is too windy to grow picker varieties of cotton, and usually after application of a chemical defoliant or the natural defoliation that occurs after a freeze. One tonne of cotton seed yields approximately 200kg of oil, 500kg of cotton seed meal and 300kg of hulls. Approximately half of all textiles are made of cotton. Cotton is a food and a fibre crop. For that reason alone, it does well in the dry or humid savannahs of Africa. Primary source of list of fiber crops according to type of fiber: Hill (1972). Fibre crops are crops grown for Fibres. Cotton cultivation in Kenya started in 1902 coinciding with the construction of the Kenya-Uganda railway At independence in 1963, it had become established as a cash crop in Western, Nyanza, Central, Eastern and Coast Provinces. D. Silk. Well over 90% of the Australian cotton crop is exported — mainly to Asian destinations such as Indonesia, South Korea, Taiwan, China and Thailand. For intercropping with Greengram / Soybean, complete the sowing and irrigation 20 days prior to cotton sowing on one side of the ridge. When mature, the crop is harvested mechanically and placed into large modules. Cotton is one of the most important fiber and cash crop of India and plays a dominant role in the industrial and agricultural economy of the country. SEASON AND VARIETIES For Thirumangalam in Madurai district, Sattur in Virudhunagar district and parts of Kovilpatti in Thoothukudi district, where the seasonal rainfall is 375 mm and most of it is received during September or first week of October, select LRA 5166 (or) SVPR 2 (or) KC 2, KC3. 13. It provides the basic raw material to cotton textile industry. Organic cotton. The production of cotton fibre begins with the “ginning” of the harvested crop. It is made of cellulose and lignin plant material. If the rainfall is distributed over both the monsoons, the extra­ordinary fertility of the black cotton soil allows a wide variety of crops to be grown, and also taking of two crops in the year—one in the north-east monsoon period, and the other in the south­west monsoon period. FIBREpak is a guide to improving Australian cotton fibre quality. Or other parts of plants, used for commercial production for the first large-scale commercial crop the world of:. 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